Biofuels obtained from biomass are becoming increasingly important. Apart from biomethane, however, they cannot be produced efficiently, cheaply and sustainably.
This substance is a complex natural polymer called lignin, and it is the second largest renewable carbon source on the planet after cellulose.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison and ExxonMobil have announced a two-year renewal of an agreement to research the fundamental chemistry of converting biomass into transportation fuels.
Global Re-Fuel’s warm-air biomass furnace – now in use on a farm in Texas – converts raw poultry litter into energy, providing heat to broiler houses while creating a pathogen-free organic fertilizer.
Biomass feedstocks are plant and algal materials that can be used to create biofuels, renewable chemicals, and other biobased products.
There aren’t many studies that look into developing new applications for treating food waste,” Rajagopal says. “We hope that this study will mark the beginning of a promising new research direction.”