The 392 MW Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System, located in California’s Mojave Desert, is the world’s largest CSP tower project and is entering its third year of operation. The Ashalim project, which is now under construction, builds on the experience gained at Ivanpah. BrightSource’s technologies being deployed at Ashalim are designed to deliver performance improvements in all areas of solar field operations.
“Ashalim is a showcase of the CSP industry’s most advanced solar field technologies,” said David Ramm, CEO and Chairman for BrightSource Energy. “These innovations reflect BrightSource’s ongoing commitment to deliver best-in-class solar thermal and energy storage solutions around the globe.”
New Heliostat Design Improves Performance and Lowers Cost
With fewer components and an easier assembly, new heliostats cost less and can be installed much faster. BrightSource’s latest design measures 4 x 5.2 meters, 25 percent larger compared to Ivanpah. Each heliostat consists of four flat, low-iron glass mirrors that provide maximum reflectivity for the life of the project. The new streamlined design maximizes the total reflective surface within the constraints of the mechanical drive systems and allowable wind load. Precision steel parts, including a torque tube, support arms and connectors, ensure rigidity and reliability in desert conditions for more than 25 years.
Dual-Axis Trackers Now Powered by the Sun
Each heliostat is individually controlled and features an integrated, dual-axis tracking system capable of 360 degree positioning. Movement is powered by a small photovoltaic panel and rechargeable lithium-ion battery power supply unit. Other components include a control module, azimuth drive system, and elevation drive system. This system significantly reduces electrical wiring and cabling in the solar field. Long-term reliability is also improved.
Industry First Wireless Solar Field Communications and Control
BrightSource’s solar field integrated control system (SFINCS) manages the distribution of energy across the solar receiver using real-time heliostat-aiming and closed-loop feedback. At Ashalim, each of the 50,600 heliostats positioned in the 3.15-square-kilometer solar field will communicate wirelessly with the SFINCS. The wireless system reduces cabling by as much as 85 percent in the solar field, further reducing costs and accelerating the construction schedule.
Ashalim represents the first deployment of the wireless SFINCS solution that was tested and independently validated at the company’s Solar Energy Development Center (SEDC), a fully operational “sun-to-steam” solar demonstration facility used to test equipment, materials and procedures as well as construction and operating methods.
Latest Proprietary Software Algorithms Allow for Increased Energy Production
The latest version of SFINCS – BrightSource’s proprietary optimization and control software – maximizes project performance and power production efficiencies. These new algorithms enable increased heliostat density that yields higher energy output per square meter of the solar field.
Ashalim Construction Update
With more than 1,000 construction workers on site, the construction of the Ashalim Solar Thermal Power Station is on track. To date, more than 22,000 pylons have been installed in the solar field and more than 6,000 heliostats have been assembled and installed onsite. Additionally, the power block is starting to take shape with the majority of the earthwork completed, and construction of the 250 meter tower has begun. The facility is scheduled to be completed in late 2017.
“The Ashalim Solar Thermal Power Station is the largest of its kind in Israel, and will contribute significantly to the government’s clean power goals when complete,” said Eran Gartner, CEO of Megalim Solar Power Ltd. “BrightSource’s pioneering technological advances in the solar field are contributing significantly as we work to deliver the project on time and on budget.”
The Ashalim Solar Thermal Power Station is being constructed by Megalim Solar Power Ltd., a Build, Operate, Transfer (B.O.T.) concession company owned by NOY Fund, BrightSource and General Electric (GE). GE is responsible for the engineering, the procurement and the construction (EPC) of the solar power station. This includes the supply of key equipment such as the Solar Receiver Steam Generator and the Steam Turbine. GE will also provide full operations and maintenance (O&M) activities for a period of 25 years. The facility is located on Plot-B of the Ashalim solar complex, which includes two solar thermal projects (Ashalim Plot B and Ashalim Plot A), and one photovoltaic project. In total, these facilities at Ashalim are expected to produce nearly 300 MW of power, about two percent of Israel’s electricity production capacity. They will support Israel’s commitment to reach 10 percent of the country’s electricity production from renewable sources by 2020.