The installed capacity of solar power in India crossed the milestone of 5,000 MW earlier this year. The cumulative installed capacity has reached to 5,130 MW with installed capacity of 1385 MW in 2016. The state-wise break-up of 5,130 MW is given in the Table below. The state of Rajasthan stands 1st in the country with 1264 MW, followed by Gujarat (1024MW), Madhya Pradesh (679 MW), Tamil Nadu (419 MW), Maharashtra (379 MW) and Andhra Pradesh (357 MW).
The Indian government set the ambitious target of generating 100 GW of solar power by the year 2021-22 under the National Solar Mission. It is envisaged to generate 60 GW ground mounted grid-connected solar power and 40 GW through roof-top grid interactive solar power to fulfill the 100 GW of solar power. The Indian Ministry of New & Renewable Energy also has fixed year-wise targets to monitor the solar power generation in the country. The target for the current year is 2,000 MW and next year’s target is 12,000 MW. The Ministry is pursuing their targets through various schemes of Central Government and State Governments. It has been planned that around 18,000 MW tender should be out by 31st March, 2016.
To achieve above stated objective, the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy has initiated several projects like:
- Scheme for Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects;
- Scheme for Development of Solar PV Power Plants on Canal Banks/ Canal Tops;
- Scheme for setting up 300 MW of Grid connected Solar PV Power Projects by Defense Establishments under Ministry of Defense and Para Military Forces with viability Gap Funding;
- Scheme of setting up 1000 MW of Grid- Connected Solar PV Power Projects by CPSUs with Viability Gap Funding ;
- Scheme for Setting up of 15000 MW of Grid connected to achieve this target. Solar PV Power Projects by NTPC/NVVN;
- Setting up of 2000 MW Grid connected solar power with Viability Gap Funding through Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI).
An ambitious scheme has also been launched by the Ministry for roof-top solar installation. Various state governments are coming up with solar power projects under their own policies.
State Wise total Commissioning Status of Grid Connected Solar Power Projects as on 14.01.2016 is given below:
|Sr. No.||State/UT||Total commissioned capacity till 14-01-16 (MW)|
|20||Andaman & Nicobar||5.1|
|25||Daman & Diu||4|