The Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University has awarded $7.6 million for research on advanced energy technologies for industrialized countries and the developing world. The funding will be shared by six research teams at Stanford and three other universities.
“The four Stanford projects funded this cycle could have a significant impact on the future development of solar energy, clean fuels and the automotive industry,” said GCEP Director Sally Benson, a professor of energy resources engineering. “We have also funded two special projects outside of Stanford that could lead to the wide-scale deployment of solar and biofuel technologies in developing countries around the world.”
GCEP has awarded more than $177 million for energy research and other technical activities since the project’s launch in 2002.
“These new awards reflect the importance of a global approach to energy research,” said GCEP management committee member Peter Trelenberg, manager of environmental policy and planning at ExxonMobil. “To be truly transformative, new energy technologies must be made available to people in industrial and developing countries alike.”
The following Stanford faculty members will receive funding to develop solar technologies for the production of electricity, lightweight materials for vehicles and techniques for generating biofuels made from carbon dioxide and Earth-abundant minerals.
Transportation vehicle light-weighting with polymeric glazing and moldings. The researchers will use a novel glazing process to create lightweight polymer materials to replace conventional glass windows and metal frames in vehicles. The durable plastics could save energy by reducing vehicle weight and improving aerodynamic design. Investigator: Reinhold Dauskardt, Materials Science and Engineering.
Solar thermophotovoltaics: Improving the efficiencies of emitters and narrow band-gap photovoltaic cells. The goal of the project is to develop a high-efficiency solar device that converts waste heat into usable infrared light for the production of clean electricity. Investigators: Shanhui Fan and James S. Harris, Electrical Engineering; Mark Brongersma, Materials Science and Engineering.
Integrated electrochemical-biological systems for the production of fuels and chemicals from CO2. The goal of this project is to improve the microbial production of biofuels with electrocatalysts that feed the microorganisms a steady supply of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Investigators: Alfred Spormann, Chemical Engineering and Civil and Environmental Engineering; Thomas Jaramillo, Chemical Engineering.
Carbonate-catalyzed CO2 hydrogenation to multi-carbon products. The research team will test whether carbon dioxide and water can be chemically converted into renewable fuels using Earth-abundant carbonate salts instead of metal catalysts and conventional solvents. Investigators: Matthew Kanan and Todd Martinez, Chemistry.
Energy for developing countries
In 2013, GCEP issued an international request for proposals on advanced energy technologies for developing countries. Of the 18 full proposals submitted from around the world, two have been awarded funding:
Low-cost photovoltaics by electrodeposition of silicon p-n junctions. The research team will develop a novel, inexpensive approach to the production of crystalline silicon solar cells, with the goal of making photovoltaic technology affordable and widespread in developing countries. Investigators: Allen Bard and Edward Yu, University of Texas at Austin; Donald Sadoway, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Robust microalgal production strains for high-yield growth on fossil-flue gas: Toward cost-effective biofuels and CO2 mitigation. Using genetic engineering, researchers will identify strains of algae capable of producing large quantities of biofuel by metabolizing carbon dioxide captured from industrial smokestacks. Deployed at scale, the resulting technologies could have a significant impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fossil-fuel power plants in developing economies. Investigators: G. Charles Dismukes and Paul Falkowski, Rutgers University.