Wave Energy Resource Potential for Europe

Wave Energy Resource Potential

Wave Energy Resource Potential  ( Solar Thermal Magazine – Blog ) One of the so far most underdeveloped clean energy resource is the waves on the Ocean ( and other large bodies of water ) . from the sun causes areas of high and low pressure across the globe. This difference in air pressure causes we know to be wind which in turn causes the waves on the ocean. 

Much of the current development for the conversion of wave energy to usable renewable electricity has be done in the U.K and other parts of Europe. Specifically Scotland has perhaps the largest commitment to the technology with a large testing center in Orkney. North America and in particular the U.S. has been slow to support research with funding and private industry has so far considered it as too large a risk.

It is estimated that for Europe alone the yearly available power from waves is 167,100 Megawatts. To put this in perspective the largest nuclear plant in the world has a capacity of 8212 Mwatts. This plant however is in Japan and is currently offline. The largest electricity generating plant in the world ( as of today ) of any type is the Three Gorges hydroelectric dam in China.

Below is a list of the top 20 electric generators in the world ( source Wikipedia 2014 )

Mwatts          Gwatthrs            Source

1Three Gorges China22,50083.27 (2013)Hydro
2Itaipu Brazil
14,00098.6 (2013)Hydro
3Guri Venezuela10,23547 (average)Hydro
4Tucuruí Brazil8,37021.4 (1999)Hydro
5Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Japan8,21233.3 (2011)Nuclear
6Xiluodu China7,700Hydro
7Grand Coulee United States6,80921 (2008)Hydro
8Longtan China6,42618.7Hydro
9Sayano-Shushenskaya Russia6,40023.5Hydro
10Bruce Canada6,30036.25Nuclear
11Krasnoyarsk Russia6,00015.0 (2012)Hydro
12Hanul South Korea5,90648.16Nuclear
13Hanbit South Korea5,904Nuclear
14Zaporizhia Ukraine5,700Nuclear
15Shoaiba Saudi Arabia5,600Fuel oil
16Surgut-2 Russia5,59739.85 (2013)Natural gas
17Taichung Taiwan5,500Coal
18Gravelines France5,460Nuclear
19Tuoketuo China5,400Coal
20Be?chatów Poland5,354Coal


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This post was prepared by Solar Thermal Magazine staff.

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