Secrets of the Solar Hydrogen Reactor ( Solar Thermal Magazine )
May 7, 2014 – Solar Hydrogen Trends, Inc. announced in March the invention of the world’s first hydrogen reactor “Symphony 7A” capable of converting 1 liter of water into 1kg of hydrogen. It will be two months since people worldwide have been trying to explain the phenomenon of hydrogen reactor Symphony 7A. Following are some of the more notable comments (with responses) from forums representing views of individuals that we found most interesting. Konstantin Balakiryan, PhD, CEO, Founder and Chief Scientist, Solar Hydrogen Trends, Inc:
1. “This is a Chemical Reaction”
Professor K. Balakiryan – “I agree. In Symphony 7A, active metal alloy is involved in the oxidation reaction. However, the amount of formed oxide for a one hour period is only 2.1%. During that same time, Symphony 7A produces more than 7 kg of hydrogen and the share of that chemical reaction is only about 189 grams of hydrogen. If all the hydrogen in Symphony 7A reactor was produced by oxidation – reduction reaction, then in one hour we would spend 97.9 % of all active metal alloy and the cartridge would practically be replaced every hour. This could have become the weak point of our hydrogen reactor, however, in Symphony 7A cartridge is replaced once a week, and for the model Symphony 7AM cartridge replacement will take place once every four weeks.”
2. “This is Electrolysis”
Professor K. Balakiryan – “The process in Symphony 7A is slightly similar to electrolysis, however to produce 7 kg of hydrogen in one hour with the standard electrolysis, we had to spend about 17 gallons of water. In Symphony 7A, less than 2 gallons of water were used. Thus the contribution of electrolysis is about 690 grams of hydrogen per hour. As you can see, both of these processes play just a supporting role.
3. “This is Cold Fission and Cold Fusion”
Professor K. Balakiryan – “Indeed at such low temperatures and minimum energy costs, we have low-temperature synthesis – connection (capture) with protons of free electrons and subsequent formation of hydrogen atoms (i.e., Cold Fusion). One should not forget that in hydrogen reactor Symphony 7A, before synthesis of hydrogen atoms takes place, decay of nuclei of oxygen atoms into nucleons should occur first, which under multifactorial influences are collectively excited and then begin to push each other away. They can reach critical distance where vectors of “colored forces” are rotated to 180 degrees. This means that the energy of the strong interaction which provides the stability of nucleus is now working to “push out” nucleons from the nucleus. Thus the energy required to separate the nucleus into its composing nucleons is numerically equal to the energy, used to create nucleus from separate nucleons, and therefore in accordance with the Einstein law, it should be determined by excess (mass defect):
Есon= Dm с2 = [zmp + (A – z)mn – Mn] с2
Now when the nucleons are in the free state, the neutron converts into a proton without possibility of reverse conversion to neutron, because this kind of conversion is possible only for protons in the nucleus. For us it is extremely important because with these additional free protons we are doubling production of hydrogen.
One of these protons as a given, and the other proton is a result of neutron decay (beta decay).
n–> p+e− + ve
If we consider this decay at the quark level, according to Professor B. Ishkhanov it would appear as if it passes in two stages. The first step is the conversion of d -quark to u -quark and boson W−
d–> u + W−
the second step boson W− decays , turning into an electron and antineutrino
W−–> e− + ve
Electrons produced by the decay of the neutron, which is emitted from it with great speed plays two very important roles:
1. With the collision of an atom of oxygen, this ionizes it.
2. With proton collision, this forms a hydrogen atom.Since the process of Nuclear Fission in Symphony 7A proceeds at room temperature, it can be definitely considered as a Cold Fission.
4. “This is LENR”
Professor K. Balakiryan – “We have been avoiding using this term for some time because we are seriously investigating, and treat the scientific work and the description of physical phenomena, with the utmost of respect. We never display our wishful thinking as if it were reality We can confidently state that in Symphony 7A there is a transmutation process of atoms of oxygen into hydrogen.
Judge for Yourself: The composition of the gas mass on the exit of the hydrogen reactor in one hour makes more than 7 kg of pure hydrogen. Since the working substance in the Symphony 7A is water, then its decomposition product can only be oxygen and hydrogen. There is no oxygen on exit. However, there is hydrogen which is eight times more than it should be. And where is the oxygen? There should be 6.2 kg. But there is not. Leakage of oxygen is excluded, because we know how volatile hydrogen is, and we made sure that our hydrogen reactor is hermetically sealed.
The answer is clear – “This is transmutation!”
However transmutation of oxygen atoms to hydrogen atoms (reaction) at temperatures below 80F, and with energy input of 0.5 kWh can be called “low energy nuclear reactions” (cold fusion). There are no other options.
Therefore, this is classical LENR!!!
To understand and scientifically describe all processes in the hydrogen reactor it will require efforts of hundreds of scientists and theoretical physicists and experimentalists. A team of scientists from Solar Hydrogen Trends, Inc. hopes that in the next few years, in partnership with you, esteemed members of the scientific community, we’ll get the justification of physical processes in hydrogen LENR reactors Symphony 7 series.
About Solar Hydrogen Trends, Inc.:
Menlo Park based firm Solar Hydrogen Trends, Inc. is an innovative technology firm focused on the development of clean air, cost reducing energy solutions for the multi-billion dollar Energy Services Industry.
ST Staff Writers
This post was prepared by Solar Thermal Magazine staff.